Bread Oven, Zoning and Farming

Sometimes it’s better to beg for forgiveness, than ask for permission.

I love that saying and I have been thinking about it recently.

We ran into a small snag with our town zoning board, not with building necessarily but the issue was with selling a few loaves of bread direct out of our proposed farm store.

Our business plan included from the start a majority of our sales coming from wholesale and farmers markets, so selling a few loaves at our farm, along with eggs and herbs eventually,  we thought shouldn’t be an issue.

Not quite…


Order of Operations

Farm stand uses for selling veggies, eggs and meat are allowed in our town by-laws, but the definition of farm products, while open to interpretation, does not seem to include local grains like wheat being baked into bread as a bonafide farm product.

With Champlain Valley Milling moving to Willsboro and the feedback from prospective customers, our belief was that bread was our way to get income coming into the farm so that we can later afford to renovate the dairy, milk cows, raise laying hens, grow herbs, etc…

They still asked us to request a “commercial use variance” to be a retail store and we followed along somewhat reluctantly, but offering the benefit of the doubt.

We later found the commercial use variance process a lengthy and expensive legal endeavor we were not prepared to go into.

Even the board admitted it’s an arduous process without much luck in getting approval?

I also suppose the issue had to do with the order of our business operations.

Had we fit the town by-law’s definition of a “farm” first with dairy, animals, veggies, crops, etc…,  the board said, they could see a bread oven and selling bread direct as an add-on to a farm operation as an acceptable use.

New York State Ag and Markets Law is clear on things like cafes and bakeries being allowed on a farm.

But the crux for us is that we are a farm.

When we filed our taxes for IRS and New York State we filled out our Schedule F sections showing farm income because we’ve been cutting and selling hay for the past 2 years.

Plus Essex County has our business certificate (DBA) on record.

In either case, we were told our building permit was denied but were allowed to farm the land as directed in the by-laws.


None of this really sat right with me.

But that’s why there’s always a Plan B.


Rainbow after the rainfall

Although this held us up in meetings for a few months longer than we had anticipated, in the end we found a silver lining in our by-laws.

In our designated zoning, residential rural, a home occupation (Article 20-C exemption) is an allowable use.

So this is now our route to bread!

Our land has always been a farm and never developed as far back as 1944 when E. Vreeland Baker owned and built what was then a “state-of-the-art barn and modern milking parlor.”

An issue could be that in the mid to late 1980’s until now, it hasn’t always been a working farm.

Well, we’re fixing that in a big way.

We’ve since applied to be included in Essex County’s agricultural district which should further ameliorate our operation from future interpretation.

Being on the Boquet River and because we have farm soils of statewide importance, we have also applied for the NYS Agricultural Conservation Easement program, which would in effect strip the land of development rights and keep it an open space for future generations of farmers and local food production.

Solid Support

Everyone is still so supportive even though this process has been quite frustrating.

Even the board was very supportive and tried to find some kind of way to make this work within the structure of the latest town by-laws.

The last thing they would want to do is put the brakes on a new farm business in a town where few new businesses are opening up.


Education is expensive

So lots of education to go round on both sides of the equation, for sure.

As an entrepreneur though, education can be costly when trying to effectively launch a business and get income rolling in.

On the plus side we (still!) have plenty of eager customers that we keep in contact with, especially at upcoming farmer’s markets!

New folks we meet when they hear about our bread mission also get equally excited to get involved.

We really wanted to have our bread oven up and running by this May but it will most likely be closer to June.

Just in time to start paying all of our lovely supporters from our Kiva Zip loan back!



Always something to learn in farming.

Some of it more fun than others.

Oh well, enough of my yapping.

Back to work!



3 thoughts on “Bread Oven, Zoning and Farming

  1. Pingback: Triple Green Jade Farm: a year in pictures - ADK Farmer Dan

  2. Eric says:

    Please provide an update 🙂 I just got my first Kiva repayment. I’m ready to drive up from Brooklyn to try your bread.

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